A New Dimension to the Four Golden Signals in the Age of FinOps

A decade ago, Google introduced the Four Golden Signals—Latency, Traffic, Errors, and Saturation—as a holistic approach to understanding system health. While these signals remain foundational, the shift to cloud computing and the rise of AI demand new strategies. Enter FinOps, a new practice blending financial and operational management to control cloud spending. In this article, we will explore how FinOps builds on the four golden signals, addresses the complexities of cloud migration, and highlights how Fortified WISdom uniquely optimizes code efficiency at scale, ensuring your systems perform at their best both functionally and financially.

Enter FinOps

According to Gartner, more than half of enterprise IT spending in key markets will shift to the cloud by 2025.  This shift will be accelerated by the widespread adoption of AI. As Michael Warrilow, research vice president at Gartner, states, “Technology and service providers that fail to adapt to the pace of cloud shift face increasing risk of becoming obsolete or, at best, being relegated to low-growth markets.”

This is where FinOps comes in. Short for Financial Operations, FinOps emerged about five years ago in response to the growing need for better management of cloud expenditures, especially with the pay-as-you-go and scale-on-demand capabilities of cloud services. FinOps integrates financial and operational management to optimize cloud spending. It fosters collaboration among finance, engineering, and operations teams, promoting a culture of accountability for cloud usage and costs. The primary goal of FinOps is to help organizations maximize the value of their cloud investments by making informed decisions on resource allocation.

The Principles of FinOps

FinOps operates on several core principles that guide organizations in managing their cloud costs effectively:

  • Collaboration: Encouraging cross-functional teams to work together ensures that financial, operational, and engineering perspectives are aligned.
  • Visibility: Providing detailed, real-time visibility into cloud usage and spending allows for better tracking and optimization.
  • Optimization: Continuously identifying and acting on opportunities to optimize cloud usage and reduce costs.
  • Accountability: Assigning ownership of cloud costs to specific teams or departments to promote responsible spending.
  • Automation: Leveraging automation to manage cloud resources efficiently and minimize human error.

The Challenges of Cloud Migrations

Cloud migrations are complex and can be fraught with challenges. Studies have shown that one in three cloud migrations fail, and 90% of CIOs have experienced failed or disrupted cloud-based data migration projects. Often, they find their workloads underperform in the cloud and/or expected cost savings turn into significant cost overruns.

Several factors contribute to the difficulties in cloud migrations:

  • Lack of Planning: Inadequate planning can lead to unforeseen issues during migration. Proper planning involves assessing the current IT infrastructure, understanding the dependencies between applications, and determining the best migration strategy.
  • Data Security and Compliance: Migrating sensitive data to the cloud can pose security risks. Ensuring that data remains secure and compliant with regulations is a major concern for organizations.
  • Cost Management: The pay-as-you-go model of cloud services can lead to unexpected costs if not managed properly. Organizations often underestimate the costs of running applications in the cloud, leading to budget overruns.
  • Performance Issues: Applications may not perform as expected in the cloud due to differences in architecture and infrastructure. This can result in degraded performance and user experience.
  • Skills Gap: Migrating to the cloud requires specialized skills that many organizations lack. The shortage of skilled professionals can slow down the migration process and increase the risk of errors.

Strategies for Successful Cloud Migrations

To mitigate these challenges, organizations can adopt several strategies to ensure a successful cloud migration:

  • Thorough Assessment: Conduct a comprehensive assessment of the existing IT environment, including applications, data, and dependencies. This helps in identifying potential issues and planning the migration strategy effectively.
  • Clear Objectives: Define clear objectives for the migration, such as cost savings, performance improvements, or scalability. Having well-defined goals helps in measuring the success of the migration.
  • Phased Approach: Adopt a phased approach to migration, starting with less critical workloads and gradually moving to more critical ones. This allows for learning and adjustment, reducing the risk of major disruptions.
  • Data Management: Implement robust data management practices, including data encryption, backup, and compliance checks. This ensures data security and integrity during and after the migration.
  • Cost Management Tools: Utilize cost management tools to monitor and control cloud spending. These tools provide visibility into cloud usage and help in identifying cost-saving opportunities.
  • Training and Support: Provide training and support to the IT team to bridge the skills gap. This includes training on cloud technologies, migration best practices, and FinOps principles.

Fortified WISdom Brings it all Together

Combining enterprise observability with enterprise efficiency is how Fortified WISdom brings a unique approach to truly optimizing your data estate. WISdom goes beyond typical FinOps tools by drilling down to show you the true Cost of Code. After all, it’s at the code level where most system inefficiencies are found. Once code is written and pushed to Production, it may live there for years in your environment untouched. Seldom do we go back after the fact to inspect that piece of code for long-term optimization opportunities. We’ve already moved on to the next big feature. Meanwhile, that code might run thousands of times per day, and against hundreds or thousands of servers.

Imagine reducing a piece of code’s resource consumption by 50%. The cost savings would be substantial. However, the real value lies in identifying and optimizing inefficient code across your entire system. This is where Fortified WISdom shines. It doesn’t just focus on a single query that runs infrequently; it targets the most resource-intensive code that runs frequently. 

In many customer environments, WISdom reveals that the top 10 code statements can account for up to 80% of overall resource consumption. By optimizing these key areas, WISdom maximizes your ROI, driving significant efficiency gains and cost reductions.

The Importance of Efficiency in Cloud Operations

The cloud offers many advantages, such as scalability, flexibility, and access to advanced technologies. However, without proper management, cloud costs can quickly spiral out of control. This is where FinOps and tools like Fortified WISdom come into play. By focusing on efficiency, organizations can ensure they are not only utilizing the cloud effectively but also getting the best return on their investment.

Efficiency Best Practices:

  • Continuous Monitoring: Regularly monitor cloud usage and costs to identify inefficiencies and opportunities for optimization.
  • Automated Policies: Implement automated policies for scaling and cost management to ensure resources are used efficiently.
  • Cost Allocation: Allocate costs to different departments or projects to promote accountability and better decision-making.
  • Optimization Tools: Use tools like Fortified WISdom to analyze code and infrastructure for optimization opportunities.
  • Training and Education: Ensure that teams are trained in cloud management and FinOps practices to maintain efficiency.


Fortified WISdom offers a new approach to enterprise observability with a strong focus on efficiency. True success in application development is measured not just by functionality or timely delivery but by long-term sustainability. This is the philosophy behind Fortified WISdom. 

It identifies the most resource-intensive areas of your system, revealing where you can achieve the most significant gains. By targeting these key areas, WISdom maximizes your ROI, driving substantial efficiency improvements and cost reductions.

Ready to see Fortified WISdom in action? Schedule a demo today and discover how it can transform your approach to system optimization and cost management.

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